Austenitic stainless steel
Stainless steel with austenitic structure at room temperature. When the steel contains about 18% Cr, 8%-10% Ni, and about 0.1% C, it has a stable austenite structure. Austenitic chromium-nickel stainless steel includes the famous 18Cr-8Ni steel and high Cr-Ni series steel developed by adding Cr and Ni content and adding Mo, Cu, Si, Nb, Ti and other elements on this basis. Austenitic stainless steel is non-magnetic and has high toughness and plasticity, but its strength is low. It is impossible to strengthen it through phase transformation.
It can only be strengthened by cold working. Such as adding S, Ca, Se, Te and other elements, it has good machinability. In addition to resistance to oxidizing acid media corrosion, this type of steel can also be resistant to corrosion by sulfuric acid, phosphoric acid, formic acid, acetic acid, urea, etc. if it contains elements such as Mo and Cu. If the carbon content in this type of steel is less than 0.03% or contains Ti and Ni, its resistance to intergranular corrosion can be significantly improved. The high-silicon austenitic stainless steel with concentrated nitric acid has good corrosion resistance. As austenitic stainless steel has comprehensive and good comprehensive properties, it has been widely used in various industries.